Panama Canal history, When was the Panama Canal built?, Who owns the Panama Canal? How long is the Panama Canal? Panama Canal capacity, Panama Canal ship toll.
Why the Panama Canal is important?
The Panama Canal is a navigable canal in the Isthmus of the Republic of Panama that connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Isthmus refers to a narrow land connecting two large lands, usually with water on the other two sides.
The Isthmus of Panama connects the continents of North and South America and separates the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. In a sense, this canal separates the two continents and connects the two oceans.
When was the Panama Canal built?
Colombia, France, and later the United States controlled the area around the canal during construction. France began work on the canal in 1881 but closed due to engineering problems and a lack of investor confidence due to high labor mortality. The United States adopted the project on May 4, 1904, and opened the canal on August 15, 1914.
Who owns the Panama Canal?
The canal is owned and operated by the Republic of Panama.
How long is the Panama Canal?
The length of the canal from the west coast to the east coast is 65 kilometers (40 miles), but from the deep waters of the Atlantic (more precisely the Caribbean Sea) to the deep waters of the Pacific it is 82 kilometers (50 miles).
It is one of the two most important artificial canals in the world, the other being the Suez Canal. Without the Panama Canal, any ship sailing from the east to west coast of the United States would have to travel an additional 15,000 kilometers (8,000 nautical miles) via Cape Horn in South America.
The Panama Canal also has to cover a distance of less than 6,500 km to travel from one coast of North America to the other coast of South America. About 3,500 kilometers of ships sailed between Europe and East Asia and Australia.
By 2012, more than 815,000 ships had passed through the canal. It takes 11.38 hours to cross the Panama Canal.
Panama Canal capacity
The canal handles more shipping than its builders imagined. In 1934 it was estimated that the maximum capacity of the canal would be about 80 million tons per year; As mentioned above, in 2015, the canal traffic reached 340.8 million tons of shipping.
Several improvements have been made to maximize the use of the lock system to improve capacity:
* Implement an improved lighting system;
* Construction of two tie-up stations cut by Kulebra;
* Widening the Culebra cut from 192 to 218 meters (630 to 715 feet);
* Improving tugboat fleet;
* Implementation of carousel lockage system in Gatun locks;
* Development of an advanced ship scheduling system;
* Navigational channel depth of Gatun Lake from 10.4 to 11.3 m (34 to 37 ft) PLD;
* Modification of all lock structures to allow additional water lines of about 0.30 m (1 ft);
* Depth of entry into the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic;
* Construction of a new spillway at Gatune for flood control.
* These improvements have increased the capacity from 300 million picums (2008) to 340 million picums (2012). These improvements began before the new lock project and complemented it.
Panama Canal ship toll
Up to 15.240 meters (50 feet) – US$ 600.
More than 15.240 meters (50 feet) up to 24.384 meters (80 feet) – US$ 1,300.
24.384 m (80 ft) plus 30.480 m – (100 ft) up to US$ 2,000.
Over 30.480 meters (100 feet) – US$ 3,200.
Intra Maritime Cluster – Local Tourism
Over 24.364 meters (80 feet) – US$ 2,000
Surplus 72 USD / TEU.