International

Capital and currency of Canada

Capital and currency of Canada

CAD, nicknamed “loonie,” is the currency abbreviation or symbol used to denote the Canadian dollar. CAD is the official currency of Canada and is considered a benchmark currency, meaning that many central banks around the world hold the Canadian dollar as a reserve currency.

Where is Canada located?

A country located in the northern part of North America. It has ten provinces and three territories and stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and the Arctic Ocean in the north, making it the second largest country in the world.

When was Canada founded?

Aboriginal peoples were the first to attempt to settle Canada’s occupied lands. English and French explorers discovered and settled the Atlantic coast in the early fifteenth century. France ceded all its North American colonies to the British in 1763 as a result of their defeat in the Seven Years’ War.

In 1867, Canada was formed as a nation of four self-governing provinces through an alliance. This paved the way for the annexation of more provinces and territories and accelerated the process of gaining independence from England. Consisting of ten provinces and three territories, Canada adheres to both parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, according to the Canada Act promulgated in 1982. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II and the head of government is the Prime Minister the official languages ​​of Canada are English and French.

Canada Population and Area

Total area: 99,84,670 km2 (38,55,100 m2), Total population: 3,84,36,447 person (2021 est.).

What is the name of the capital of Canada?

The capital of Canada is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Canadian Shield Region

The eroded plateau of ancient rock in northeastern North America is called the Canadian Shield region. This large ‘V’shaped region surrounds Hudson Bay in northern Canada. It is the largest of the total 11 shield regions of the world. The word ‘shield’ means armor or shield, but in this case, it means a rugged rocky undulating landform. Another name is – Laurentian Plateau.

Canada language

English and French are jointly the official languages ​​of Canada. French is the official provincial language in the Canadian province of Quebec. The English language is generally used in international affairs. There are also many European immigrant languages ​​in use. Among these are the languages ​​of the three Germanic sects — Hutterian, Mennonite, and Pennsylvanian. About 1.5 lakh Native Americans in Canada speak more than 70 languages. Among these native languages ​​is Blackfoot, Chippewa, Cree, Dakota, Eskimo, and Ojibwa. Major local language families include Algonquin, Athabaskan, Eskimo-Aleut, Iroquoian, Siouan, and Wakashan. There are also many isolated languages.

Capital and currency of Canada
Capital and currency of Canada

How did Canada originate?

The name “Canada” probably comes from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word “Kanata”, meaning “small fishing village”, “village”, or “settlement”. Around 1535, residents of present-day Quebec City used the term to help guide the explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word ‘Canada’ not only to identify the village but to refer to everything related to the village-dominant Donnacona. By 1545, European books and maps began to refer to the region as “Canada”.

The French colony in Canada was called “New France”, extending from the St. Lawrence River to the northern shores of the Great Lakes. Later, until 1841, it was divided into two English colonies called “Upper Canada” and “Lower Canada” respectively. According to the Canada Act 1982, “Canada” is the only legal and bilingual name. In 1982, the public holiday ‘Dominion Day’ was changed to ‘Canada Day.

Politics of  Canada

Canada is a federation with a parliamentary democratic system of government and a constitutional monarchy. Canada’s government is divided into two parts. Central Government and Provincial or Territorial Governments. Provinces have a greater degree of autonomy than administrative regions. The current constitution of Canada was drafted in 1982. This constitution consolidated the earlier constitutional mandates into a single framework and added a Charter on Rights and Freedoms. This constitution was the first to give Canada’s own local government full powers over its constitution. Canada was previously governed by the British North America Ordinance of 1867, and in this and subsequent acts, certain constitutional powers were granted to the British government.

Geography of Canada

Canada is the 2nd largest country in the world by size. It comprises about 41% of the North American continent. Canada is the second largest and coldest country in the world. This North American country has six time zones. The climate of this country is characterized by mild to moderate cool summers, wet fog (sometimes hot and sunny), and very cold, snowy, dry, and snowy winters. Cold currents are generated in this country every day by the Arctic ice cover. This climate is comparable to that of Russia. The climate in this country is cold and frosty like that of Russia. This country is covered with snow for 8 months a year. Rather, staying in this country has some advantages and some disadvantages, and people are used to the cold.

Canada’s Economy

Canada is one of the richest countries in the world. The country is a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the G8 group. Like many other developed countries, Canada’s economy consists largely of service industries. About three-quarters of Canadians are involved in some form of the service industry. Lumber and mineral oil extraction are two of Canada’s major heavy industries. In addition, a manufacturing industry centered in southern Ontario developed. Among them, the automobile manufacturing industry is the main one.

Canadian military

The current Canadian military was established in 1968. It now has about 62,000 active members. There are 25,000 members in reserve, including 4,000 Canadian Rangers.

Frequently asked questions

A country located in the northern part of North America. It has ten provinces and three territories and stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and the Arctic Ocean in the north, making it the second largest country in the world.

In 1867, Canada was formed as a nation of four self-governing provinces through an alliance.

The capital of Canada is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Total population: 3,84,36,447 person (2021 est.).

See more posts: List of currency of different countries with values

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