Symptoms of colon cancer

Symptoms of colon cancer

Symptoms of colon cancer

What does colon cancer mean?

Colon cancer is a type of cancer in which the cells lining the colon become abnormal and begin to go out of control. The colon is a tube, about 5 to 6 feet long, connecting the small intestine to the anus. The colon and rectum together are called the large intestine. Immature food progresses to the anus and is excreted from the body in the form of feces. Cancer that starts in the colon area is known as colon cancer, while cancer in the rectum is known as rectal cancer. Cancer that affects the colon is known as colorectal cancer.

What is colon cancer?

The last six-foot-long part of the human digestive system is called the large intestine. And this colon cancer is called colon cancer. Colon cancer is the second leading cause of death from cancer in the world, regardless of gender, although there are no accurate data on the prevalence of the disease in Bangladesh. However, colon cancer is thought to be one of the top five major cancers.

How many types of colon cancer?

Different types of colon cancer depend on different types of cancerous cells and where they form. There are several types of colon cancer:

  • Adenocarcinomas: Adenocarcinomas form in cells that produce mucus in the rectum or colon.
  • Lymphomas: Lymphomas may first develop in either the lymph nodes or the colon.
  • Sarcoma: These are formed in soft tissues like the muscles of the colon.
  • Carcinoids: Carcinoids begin to form in the cells that make hormones in the gut.
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors: These types of tumors are usually cancer-free (benign) at first and then turn into cancer. These are usually formed in the digestive tract, and rarely occur in the colon.

Symptoms of colon cancer

  • Anal bleeding.
  • Bleeding with stool.
  • Constipation.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Weight loss.
  • Feeling of wheels in the abdomen.
  • Anemia.

What are the causes of colon cancer?

The exact cause of colon cancer is still unknown. Researchers are still studying various possible causes of colon cancer.

Colon cancer can be either inherited or caused by a genetic mutation. These changes do not always lead to colon cancer, but they do increase the risk of colon cancer. Some mutations can cause abnormal cells to accumulate in the lining of the colon. This leads to small, cancer-free (benign) growths known as polyps. It is important to remove these polyps surgically. Polyps can lead to cancer if left untreated.

Symptoms of colon cancer
Symptoms of colon cancer

What are the risk factors for colon cancer?

There are some risk factors that increase the chances of colon cancer. These risk factors include:

  • Aging: Although colon cancer can occur at any age, most people with colon cancer are over 50 years old.
  • History of Colon Cancer: If a person already has colon cancer or has a history of non-cancerous colon polyps, the risk of developing colon cancer increases.
  • Americans and African Americans: Africans and Americans increase their risk of colon cancer.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: Chronic inflammatory conditions of the colon such as Crohn’s disease (inflammatory bowel disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract) and ulcerative colitis (inflammatory bowel disease commonly seen in the lining of the colon and rectum) can increase the risk of colon cancer.
  • Family history: If someone in a close family is diagnosed with colon cancer, the risk of developing colon cancer is higher.
  • Inherited syndrome: Mutations in certain genes that are passed on through different generations of the family increase the risk of colon cancer.
  • High-fat and low-fiber foods: The risk of colon cancer is found in people who eat Western foods that are low in fiber and high in fat.
  • Diabetes: People with diabetes have an increased risk of colon cancer.
  • Obesity: An obese person has a higher risk of colon cancer.
  • Lack of exercise: Inactive people have a higher risk of colon cancer.
  • Smoking: People who smoke are more likely to get colon cancer.
  • Alcohol: Excessive drinking increases the risk of colon cancer.
  • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy for the treatment of previous cancers increases the risk of colon cancer.

Frequently Asked Questions

Colon cancer is a type of cancer in which the cells lining the colon become abnormal and begin to go out of control. The colon is a tube, about 5 to 6 feet long, connecting the small intestine to the anus. The colon and rectum together are called the large intestine. Immature food progresses to the anus and is excreted from the body in the form of feces. Cancer that starts in the colon area is known as colon cancer, while cancer in the rectum is known as rectal cancer. Cancer that affects the colon is known as colorectal cancer.

The last six-foot-long part of the human digestive system is called the large intestine. And this colon cancer is called colon cancer. Colon cancer is the second leading cause of death from cancer in the world, regardless of gender, although there are no accurate data on the prevalence of the disease in Bangladesh. However, colon cancer is thought to be one of the top five major cancers.

  • Adenocarcinomas: Adenocarcinomas form in cells that produce mucus in the rectum or colon.
  • Lymphomas: Lymphomas may first develop in either the lymph nodes or the colon.
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  • Anal bleeding.
  • Bleeding with stool.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Weight loss.
  • Feeling of wheels in the abdomen.

The exact cause of colon cancer is still unknown. Researchers are still studying various possible causes of colon cancer.

 

Colon cancer can be either inherited or caused by a genetic mutation. These changes do not always lead to colon cancer, but they do increase the risk of colon cancer. Some mutations can cause abnormal cells to accumulate in the lining of the colon. This leads to small, cancer-free (benign) growths known as polyps. It is important to remove these polyps surgically. Polyps can lead to cancer if left untreated.

There are some risk factors that increase the chances of colon cancer. These risk factors include:

 

  • Aging: Although colon cancer can occur at any age, most people with colon cancer are over 50 years old.

History of Colon Cancer: If a person already has colon cancer or has a history of non-cancerous colon polyps, the risk of developing colon cancer increases.

Visit our website for more details.

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