How to prevent cancer

How to prevent cancer

How to prevent cancer

What is cancer?

The bodies of all the animals on earth are made up of innumerable tiny cells. These cells die one after the other. These old cells are replaced by new ones. Cells usually divide in a controlled and regular way to give birth to new cells. Generally speaking, when these cells grow uncontrollably for any reason, lumps or lumps of flesh appear under the skin. This is called a tumor. These tumors can be benign or malignant. Malignant tumors are called cancers.

Types of cancer

The type of cancer according to the source.

Carcinoma

It is a very common type of cancer. These include cancers of the lungs, rectum, breast and ovaries.

Sarcoma

Cancer of the bones, vertebrae, fat or muscles is usually called sarcoma.

Lymphoma

There are lymph nodes scattered all over our body. The body’s immune system is involved with these lymph nodes. Lymphoma is the cancer of the lymph nodes.

Leukemia

Leukemia is the cancer of the blood cells. These blood cells are born from the bone marrow.

melanoma

Melanoma, also redundantly known as malignant melanoma, is a type of skin cancer that develops from the pigment-producing cells known as melanocytes. Melanomas typically occur in the skin, but may rarely occur in the mouth, intestines, or eye (uveal melanoma)

Cancer medical terminology

  •  Hyperplasia = proliferation of cells in the tissue (hyper = more, ~ plasia = proliferation of cells in the tissue in general or cellular characteristics).
  • Metaplasia = metaplasia.
  • Tumor (tumor) = swelling (in Greek). In the past, inflammatory swelling was also called a tumor. But now tumor means neoplasia.

(Usually, all tumors have a ~ oma suffix at the end of the name, such as (melanoma, lipoma), and at the beginning there is an indication of the source of the collar.)

  • Neoplasia = uncontrolled growing tissue (neo ~ = new)
  • Hamartoma (Hamartoma = Collar cells acquire localization on their own but collectively become tangled instead of properly giving the three-dimensional architecture of the collar (i.e. cell growth is not very uncontrolled, but the organization of the collar is uncontrolled).
  • Malignant tumor (malignant) = uncontrollably dividing and penetrating tumor = cancer.

Cancer means crab (Sanskrit Cancer). When a malignant tumor pierces the local tissue and expands micrometastasis like many trunks, it looks like a long-legged crab.

  • Anaplasia = de-differentiation of the collar, meaning that the collar loses its pre-collar feature and behaves like an embryo or pre-collar. Anaplastic cancers are usually more harmful.
  • Carcinoma = cancer of the epithelium.
  • Sarcoma = connective tissue (mesenchyme) source cancer.

How to prevent cancer

Different methods are used to treat cancer.

Surgery

The cancerous cells in the area where the cancer is found and the cells around it are surgically removed. This type of treatment is given if the cancer covers a small area and is in the early stages.

Radiotherapy

The cells in that part of the body are destroyed by the application of radioactive rays in a controlled manner.

Chemotherapy

In this system, anti-cancer (cytotoxic) drugs are used to destroy cancer cells. There are more than 50 types of chemotherapy drugs. Some of these are taken as tablets or capsules. But in most cases these drugs are given with saline or in some other way directly into the blood. Combined with the blood, these drugs try to destroy the cancer cells wherever they are in the body.

Hormone therapy

This is done by changing the levels of certain hormones in the body. Hormones have a relationship with body growth. Some cancers are affected by this hormone. As a result, hormone therapy is used to reduce the growth of cancer cells and bring cancer under control.

Supportive treatment

Physicians are now emphasizing the physical treatment of cancer as well as the mental treatment of patients. Patients go through a lot of emotional distress after being diagnosed with cancer, many of them even break down emotionally. Because of this many times their condition is not more serious but many die quickly.

As a result, doctors advise them to provide different types of services and various organizations are also working to provide such services in developed countries. One of these is to form a group of cancer patients, where they can share their experiences among themselves. Apart from this, patients are also taught to control their stress through yoga, meditation etc. In addition, they are encouraged to engage in religious or social activities for emotional relief.

Other treatments

Research is now underway to develop drugs that strengthen the body’s immune system. Efforts are also being made to develop a cancer vaccine. But these are still in childhood.

How to prevent cancer
How to prevent cancer

Prevention of cancer

Studies have shown that regular adherence can significantly reduce the risk of cancer. Such as:

  • Exercise and cancer
  • Exercise regularly every day, such as running, cycling, dancing, walking.
  • Do heavy exercise at least 2 days a week.
  • Diet and cancer.
  • Quitting or reducing smoking or alcohol consumption.
  • Stop eating betel nut and tobacco.
  • Eat less fatty foods.
  • If possible, stop eating meat or reduce it.
  • Eat plenty of vegetables, fruits and fiber.

Awareness

Applying sunscreen while going out. See a doctor regularly. If that is not possible, go to the doctor if there is any abnormality in the body. If you are over 50 years of age, you must go to the doctor regularly and get your body examined.

Frequently Asked Questions

The bodies of all the animals in the world are made up of countless tiny cells. These cells die one after the other over a period of time. These old cells are replaced by new ones. Cells usually divide in a controlled and regular way to give birth to new cells. Generally speaking, when these cells grow uncontrollably for any reason, lumps or lumps of flesh appear under the skin. This is called a tumor. These tumors can be benign or malignant. Malignant tumors are called cancers.

Carcinoma, Sarcoma, Lymphoma, Leukemia.

Surgery, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy, Hormone therapy, Supportive treatment.

Studies have shown that regular adherence can significantly reduce the risk of cancer. Such as:

  • Exercise and cancer
  • Exercise regularly every day, such as running, cycling, dancing, walking.

Visit our website for more details.

See more posts: Top 10 causes of cancer

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