3 types of physical activity and examples

3 types of physical activity and examples

3 types of physical activity and examples

What is physical exercise?

Physical exercise is any physical activity that helps maintain or increase physical fitness. Another meaning is regular movement in different parts of the body. Exercise is done for a variety of reasons, such as strengthening the muscles and circulatory system, improving athletic performance, losing or maintaining body weight, or simply for enjoyment.

What are the 3 main types of physical activity?

Physical exercise is divided into three groups based on its effect on the human body:

  • Aerobic exercise or aerobic exercise: Exercises or physical activities that use oxygen to produce energy, i.e. require extra breathing, are called aerobic exercise or aerobic exercise. They use the large muscles of the body to increase the body’s oxygen intake. The aim of these exercises is to increase the endurance of the overall organs of the body, including the heart and lungs. Examples of such exercises are cycling, rowing, hiking, playing tennis, football, etc.
  • Anaerobic exercise or aerobic exercise: All exercise that does not use oxygen to produce its required energy, i.e. does not require additional breathing, is called aerobic exercise or anaerobic exercise. They increase body strength and increase muscle mass and bone strength. It also helps in increasing the balance of the body. Examples of such exercises are pushups, bicep curls, pullups, etc. Such exercises include weight lifting, functional training, etc.
  • Flexibility/Stretching Exercises or Flexibility Exercises or Muscle Stretching Exercises: These exercises help in stretching and increasing the muscles of the body. The goal of such exercises is to increase the range of motion of the body parts to reduce the risk of injury.

Effects of exercise on the body systems

Exercise can play an essential role in maintaining physical fitness and balancing body weight. In addition, exercise plays a significant role in maintaining the strength of the bones of the body, the strength of the muscles, and the normal mobility of the organs. Exercise has been proven to have a positive role in maintaining the overall health of the body and mind, reducing the risk of surgery, and increasing the immune system. During exercise, various muscles of the body contract, during which a chemical called myokine is released in the body, which plays a role in the production of new tissue, tissue repair, and reducing the risk of inflammatory diseases.

Physical exercise regulates the level of cortisol in the body, cortisol is responsible for various physical problems. Exercise increases the nitrite level in the saliva, which is converted to nitric oxide, thereby increasing the body’s ability to function. Athletes’ training status is assessed by the levels of nitric oxide in their saliva.

3 types of physical activity and examples
3 types of physical activity and examples

Endurance exercise before meals lowers blood glucose levels. According to the World Health Organization, lack of physical exercise increases the risk of heart disease by 17%, accelerates aging, and increases the risk of breast cancer and colon cancer by 10%. Sabat and Abat, both types of exercise increase the capacity of the heart. Exercise increases the thickness of the heart wall, which is beneficial for the body.

Not all people benefit equally from exercise. But almost everyone naturally increases their physical endurance through exercise, especially exercise. As a result, the level of oxygen intake also increases. All these benefits are related to proper nutrition. Improvements in overall body condition due to exercise vary from person to person – this is one of the biggest physiological differences between athletes and normal people. Studies have shown that regular exercise in middle age increases physical performance later in life.

Frequently asked questions

Physical exercise is any physical activity that helps maintain or increase physical fitness. Another meaning is regular movement in different parts of the body. Exercise is done for a variety of reasons, such as strengthening the muscles and circulatory system, improving athletic performance, losing or maintaining body weight, or simply for enjoyment.

Physical exercise is divided into three groups based on its effect on the human body:

  • Aerobic exercise or aerobic exercise.
  • Anaerobic exercise or aerobic exercise.
  • Flexibility/Stretching Exercises or Flexibility Exercises or Muscle Stretching Exercises.

Exercise can play an essential role in maintaining physical fitness and balancing body weight. In addition, exercise plays a significant role in maintaining the strength of the bones of the body, the strength of the muscles, and the normal mobility of the organs. Exercise has been proven to have a positive role in maintaining the overall health of the body and mind, reducing the risk of surgery, and increasing the immune system. During exercise, various muscles of the body contract, during which a chemical called myokine is released in the body, which plays a role in the production of new tissue, tissue repair, and reducing the risk of inflammatory diseases.

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