Columbia University notable alumni
Columbia University notable alumni; Columbia University is a private Ivy League research university in New York City.
Where is Columbia University located?
When was Columbia University founded?
Founded in 1754 as King’s College on the grounds of Trinity Church in Manhattan, Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in New York and the fifth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States. It is one of nine colonial colleges established before the Declaration of Independence, seven of which belong to the Ivy League. Columbia is one of the most prestigious universities in the world.
Who founded Columbia University?
Columbia was founded by royal charter under George II of Great Britain. It was renamed Columbia College in 1784 after the American Revolution, and placed under a private board of trustees in 1787 led by alumni Alexander Hamilton and John Jay. In 1896, the campus moved to its current location in Morningside Heights and was renamed Columbia University.
Columbia scientists and scholars have played an important role in scientific advances including the brain-computer interface; Lasers and measures; nuclear magnetic resonance; the First nuclear pile; the First nuclear fission reaction in America; the First evidence of plate tectonics and continental drift; and much of the initial research and planning for the Manhattan Project during World War II. Columbia is organized into twenty schools, including four graduate schools and 16 graduate schools.
The university’s research efforts include the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, the Goddard Institute for Space Studies, and accelerator laboratories with big tech firms such as Amazon and IBM. Columbia was a founding member of the Association of American Universities and the first school in the United States to grant the MD degree. The university also awards the annual Pulitzer Prize. With more than 15 million volumes, Columbia University Libraries is the third-largest private research library in the United States.
The university’s endowment stands at $14.35 billion in 2021, the largest of any academic institution. As of December 2021, its alumni, faculty, and staff include seven founding fathers of the United States; four US presidents; 33 foreign heads of state; Two United Nations secretaries-general; ten justices of the United States Supreme Court, one of whom is currently serving; 100 Nobel laureates; 125 National Academy of Sciences members; 53 Living Billionaires; 22 Olympic medalists; 33 Academy Award winners; and 125 Pulitzer Prize recipients.
The university has graduated many first-rate alumni, together with 5 Founding Fathers of America, an creator of the US Constitution, and a member of the Committee of Five. Three United States presidents have attended Columbia, in addition to ten Justices of the Supreme Court of the US, inclusive of 3 Chief Justices. As of 2011, a hundred twenty-five Pulitzer Prize winners and 39 Oscar winners have attended Columbia. As of 2006, there have been one zero one National Academy members who have been alumni.
In a 2016 ranking of universities worldwide with appreciation to dwelling graduates who are billionaires, Columbia ranked second, after Harvard.
Former U.S. Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin Delano Roosevelt attended regulation school. Other political figures knowledgeable at Columbia encompass former U.S. President Barack Obama, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Ruth Bader Ginsburg, former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, former chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank Alan Greenspan, U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder, and U.S. Solicitor General Donald Verrilli Jr. The college has also educated 29 foreign heads of state, including the president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili, president of East Timor Jose Ramos Horta, president of Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves, and other ancient figures such as Wellington Koo, Radovan Karadžić, Gaston Eyskens, and T. V. Soong. One of the architects of the Constitution of India, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar changed into additionally an alumnus of Columbia.
Alumni of Columbia have occupied top positions in Wall Street and the relaxation of the business global. Notable contributors of the Astor family attended Columbia, whilst other commercial enterprise graduates consist of investor Warren Buffett, former CEO of PBS and NBC Larry Grossman, chairman of Wal-Mart S. Robson Walton, Bain Capital Co-Managing Partner, Jonathan Lavine, Thomson Reuters CEO Tom Glocer, New York Stock Exchange president Lynn Martin, and AllianceBernstein Chairman and CEO Lewis A. Sanders. CEOs of pinnacle Fortune 500 businesses consist of James P. Gorman of Morgan Stanley, Robert J. Stevens of Lockheed Martin, Philippe Dauman of Viacom, Robert Bakish of Paramount Global, Ursula Burns of Xerox, Devin Wenig of eBay, Vikram Pandit of Citigroup, Ralph Izzo of Public Service Enterprise Group, Gail Koziara Boudreaux of Anthem, and Frank Blake of The Home Depot. Notable labor organizer and girls’ educator Louise Leonard McLaren acquired her diploma of Master of Arts from Columbia.
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